By Alexander Grigorasenco
For many of us this article is just a curiosity, for me it has a straight link between the dates and the prophecy. The end of the Mayan calendar on December 21 is pretty much at the same date when some of us finish the college and graduate. If we take in consideration that college life is also a life and it has come to an end makes me want even more to write the article and let everyone know what coincidences I see.
Prediction of a misunderstanding, everything is rather positive than negative.
We use calendars every day of our life. It helps us to organize and plan events. For us it is as important it was for the ancient Mayan people. Mayans originated from Middle America, to imagine it today it was between today’s Mexico and South America.
Mayan history is divided in three sections: 1. Formative or Pre-classic: (2000 B.C. until A.D. 300), 2. Classic: (300-900), 3. Post-Classic: 900 until the Spanish inquisition in the 1400s. Mayans had a very sophisticated culture. They started writing down their cultural events in stone, using monuments, astronomy and calendar knowledge. They placed great value on recording their people`s events, similar to the Greeks, and they inscribed their mythology and religious beliefs on pottery. They used 4 different types of calendars or a combination of two calendars to record each event. Their Long Count calendar expires in 2012 on the 21st December, which makes some people believe that it coincides with an apocalyptic event.
Mayan Numbers and Math
Mayan mathematical system-1-20
Along with their calendar Mayans had their own math system. They used a series of dots and bars to signify numbers. One dot equaled one unit, one line equaled 5 units, and the shell symbol signified zero.
Mayans’ numbers are vertical whereas ours are horizontal. We write number 27: first comes 2 then comes 7 in horizontal order. The Mayans would write it vertically which means starting from bottom up: the symbol for 7 a line with two dots on it, and the symbol of twenty which is a dot a line above, same is for number 29.
Number 20 in Mayan culture signifies 10 fingers and 10 toes. Number 13 refers to the major joints (one neck, two shoulders, two elbows, two wrists, two hips, two knees and two ankles) also it represents the 13 levels of heaven, from where the sacred lords ruled the Earth. It’s these two numbers, 20 and 13, that are used to make up the Tzolk’in calendar (Sacred Round), the first calendar used by the Mayans.
The Tzolk’in Calendar
Like many Mesoamerican calendars, the Tzolk’incalendar, or Sacred Round, operated on a 260-day cycle. One theory for the significance of its cycle length is that the 260 days correlate to pregnancy. Another theory says that the calendar represented the length of time to cultivate corn. However, it’s more likely that it was based on the Mayans’ reverence for the numbers 13 and 20. Our calendar is called Gregorian calendar. Depending which month we are in, we have from 28 to 31 day long months. The Tzolk’in calendar is made up of sets of 20 day names, symbolized by glyphs (images) and 13 numerals called tones. The days are numbered from 1 to 13 and also names are given sequences.
Tzolk’in calendar day names, also known as glyphs.
It begins at Imix` the days continue in sequence untill all tones are used till number 13. The numbers begin again with one but the day names move forward with the 14th glyth Ix. The 2 sets form an unique combination of day names and numbers. We can imagine 2 interlocking gears with the 13 numerals spaced around a smaller circular gear that fits inside of the larger gear of day names denoted in hieroglyphics. If you lock those gears together at the number one and the day name Imix’, then rotate the gears until you reach one and Imix’ again, you’ll get 260 unique days. Those gears spin until the final combination clicks into place at 13 Ajaw, marking the end of the year. Like nowadays Mayans believed that the day of your birth will tell about a lot of characteristics from your personality, as the astrology does it today.
The Tzolk’in calendar still couldn’t measure a solar year, the time it takes for the sun to make a complete cycle. Because of this, the Mayans needed a more accurate calendar to track the length of time that we regard as a full year.
The Haab Calendar and the Calendar Round
The Haab calendar used 360 days, which meant that it had 18 uinals of 20 day periods. It was used for agricultural, economic and accounting activities. After a while they noticed that 360 days were not enough to cover a whole year. After some arguments Mayan mathematicians wanted to make things easy and said that they will add a month of 5 days which is considered very dangerous, because that is the time when the gods leave the earth unprotected, on its own. The 5 days are called waye or uayeb. During this period, the Mayans perform ceremonies and rituals showing their hope and belief in that the Gods will return once again. The Tzolk’in and Haab calendar were united for the reason to record even more time, and it formed the Calendar Round.
In the Calendar Round, the 260 days of the Tzolk’in calendar are paired with the 360 days and five nameless days of the Haab calendar. The two calendars are matched the same way the Tzolk’in day names and numbers. This gives the Calendar Round 18,890 unique days, a time period of around 52 years. So as we see 52 years is still not enough to cover thousands of years. This is when they created the long count calendar.
A Mayan calendar column was found in Quirigua, Yucatan peninsula, Mexico, on August 13, 1929.
The Long Count Calendar
The Mayans designed the Long Count calendar to last approximately 5,125.36 years, a time period they referred to as the Great Cycle. The Long Count calendar is divided into five distinct units: 1. one day – kin, 2. 20 days – uinal, 360 days – tun, 7,200 days – katun, 144,000 days – baktun. If we want to calculate the date that we are in today by the Mayans is a hard task. English anthropologist Sir Eric Thompson looked into the Spanish Inquisition to calculate the Mayan-to-Gregorian date conversion, known as the Thompson Correlation. Events that occurred during the Inquisition were recorded on both the Mayan Long Count calendar and the Gregorian calendar.
Scholars then gathered dates that matched on both calendars and compared them to the Dresden Codex, one of four Mayan documents that survived the Inquisition. This codex confirmed the date long thought by Thompson to be the beginning of the current Great Cycle on August the 13th in 3114 B.C.
The Mayan pyramid in Chichen Itza.
If we want to apply the Long Count in practice it will take us to the conclusion that is familiar to many people the doomsday which on the Long Count Calendar is written as 18.104.22.168.0. You’ll notice there are five number places in the date. Reading from left to right, the first place signifies the number of baktuns since the beginning of the Great Cycle. The second place relates to the number of katuns that have taken place. Then, it continues on to the right with the number of tuns, uinals and kins. This number signals the end of the Great Cycle.
Many scholars do not agree with the apocalyptic theory, noting that the calendar would be regarded as a time of celebration something similar to today’s New Year’s festivals. No predictions or writings indicate the end of the world by the end of the Great Cycle. The most notable event slated for is that the 2012 winter solstice will happen in the sky (December 21st at AM 11:12). For the first time in around 25,800 years, the sun will align with the center of the Milky Way galaxy. Although the event sounds impressive, astronomers claim that it won’t have any effect on the Earth. And with that, the next Great Cycle will quietly begin anew.
Mayan End Age 12-21-2012 heralds a New Age of spiritual enlightenment
“Both the Hopis and Mayans recognize that we are approaching the end of a World Age… In both cases, however, the Hopi and Mayan elders do not prophecize that everything will come to an end. Rather, this is a time of transition from one World Age into another. The message they give concerns our making a choice of how we enter the future ahead. Our moving through with either resistance or acceptance will determine whether the transition will happen with cataclysmic changes or gradual peace and tranquility. The same theme can be found reflected in the prophecies of many other Native American visionaries from Black Elk to Sun Bear.” — Joseph Robert Jochmans
“An Apocalypse (Greek: “lifting of the veil” or “revelation”) is a disclosure of something hidden from the majority of mankind in an era dominated by falsehood and misconception, i.e. the veil to be lifted.” — Wikipedia
“BIG SUR, Calif. — At twilight, not far from a cliff overlooking the Pacific Ocean, a Mayan shaman spoke of the return of Kukulkan to dozens of listeners sitting on the floor inside a yurt: As Venus, a planet of special significance to the ancient Mayans, passed directly between the Sun and Earth in June, the forces out there were heralding the return of Kukulkan, the snake deity, and the start of a new age of spiritual enlightenment in 2012.
‘The cosmos is talking to us — we need to listen,’ said the shaman, Miguel Angel Vergara. ‘Kukulkan shines in the infinite. Kukulkan is the sacred energy beating in every atom. Kukulkan is the feathered serpent living in your heart forever.’ ”
New York Times (August 19, 2012)
“2012 is such a profound archetype,” Jenkins went on. “Here we are five and a half years before the date, and already there’s so much interest. Personally, I think it’s about transformation and renewal. It’s certainly nothing as simplistic as the end of the world.”
But what about the connection many people see between the approach of 2012 and environmental crisis? I asked. What about the popular link between the Maya and end-time prophecy?
“A lot of people are talking about apocalypse right now,” he said, “but there’s a deeper meditation that can and should happen around the end date.” Jenkins—bearded, in a T-shirt and jeans—is originally from Chicago, and traces of a flat Midwestern accent remain in his voice. He looked and sounded beleaguered by the mention of apocalypse. “At any end-beginning nexus—at the dawn of a new religion or a spiritual tradition—you have this amazing opening,” he said. “Revelations come down. There’s a fresh awareness of what it means to be alive in the full light of history.”
The New York Times (July 1, 2007)
The Paraclete and the “mass Kundalini awakening that brings about global self-realizations for humanity.”
Ancient Mayan Glyph showing transfer of the Staff of Power to the Spirit of the Feminine
“Amazingly, there is a cultural/prophetic context for the arising of this Feminine-based planetary transformation that is underway. The Mayan 2012 prophecies foretold of this shift of planetary stewardship into the hands of
the Feminine. In a personal communication with this author, Nicaraguan Mayan Grandmother Flordemayo, of the International Council of 13 Indigenous Grandmothers, explained that the final glyph (pictogram) from the “Mayan Story of Creation” (the Dresden Codex) shows the Reawakening of the Feminine.” — Vikki Hanchin“Rudolf Bultmann … calls the coming of the Redeemer (Paraclete) an “eschatological event,” “the turning-point of the ages”.” — George Eldon Ladd